10 Basic Survival Skills You Should Learn Today [Resource]

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Ever wondered what survival skills you should learn?

Well you’re in luck because I’m going to go over a list of the necessary survival skills you should be looking at learning now.

Most articles only include the very basic skills you need.

I won’t be able to include all the details in this post for every skill as the post would end up being way to long.

I will include links to where you can find more information, and to places that can help you learn these skills.

Practice what you learn so you understand and can perform when stuck in a survival situation.

Now on to the good stuff!

1. Finding Water Sources

The first survival skill to work on is being able to locate and get fresh water to drink.

This is a highly valuable skill as you need water for practically anything involving your body.

According to U.S.G.S. the human body is made of about 60% water.

Water also helps you digest food, lubricates your joints, and helps regulate your body temperature.

In normal living situations a person needs to drink about 3 liters of water per day, but in a survival situation this could be much more.

  So where do you get water?

Places to get water naturally:
Surface water, including streams, lakes, springs, ice, and snow.
Precipitation, such as rain, snow, dew, and sleet.
Subsurface water, such as underground springs and streams.survival skills, survivalist essentials

These are easy to find as they are visible to the naked eye, some of these sources you would want to boil the water to purify it, such as surface water and lakes.

Running water is a little safer, but boiling the water is always recommended.

Some other things to keep an eye out for while looking for water include…

  • Swarming insects– insect swarms can point you towards sources of water.
  • Animal Paths– “Animal trails may lead to water; the “V” formed by intersecting trails
    often point toward water sources. There are typically more intersections closer to the water source.” S.E.R.E. Manual
  • Bees– Bees tend to have nests within a quarter mile of their hive, if you see bees its quite possible that water is nearby.

You can also get water from many different plant sources, but be careful when selecting the plant.

Vines offer a great way to gather water

You need to check the vine to make sure its not going to harm you.

Do this by taking a knife or sharp object and nick the vine so fluid comes out.

If the liquid that comes out is milky then its best to just discard the vine and find another.

If the fluid is clear you may have just found a source of water.

Cut out a larger piece of vine and check the color again, proceed to putting some in your hand if the fluid stays clear.

Only taste the water if the fluid stays clear. If you taste sour or bitter fluid the vine is not good.

If you want to learn a ton of information on water sources and other survival information check out the S.E.R.E manual here.

2. Basic Automotive Skills

You may be wondering why this is on the survival skills list.

Its extremely important to have a basic understanding of whatever vehicle you may be using.

If your car breaks down its possible you will be stuck in a survival situation if you don’t understand how to fix it.

If you break down trying to get to your bug-out location and you can’t diagnose what’s going on with your vehicle, you will be stuck on foot.

Simple things like check fluids, checking electrical connections, and having spare fuses you can replace can help you to continue moving.

I am shocked at the number of people that don’t even know how to check there own oil.

Things that are valuable to learn-

  • Fuse box location and how to read the diagrams. Also how to check that fuses are good.
  • Checking battery connections and checking for corrosion.
  • Checking fluids, including oil, coolant, transmission and power steering.
  • Changing tires, may be a good idea to store a small floor jack in your vehicle, much safer.
  • Any other basic tips to help your car get moving, like tapping the starter to get it to turn over, or tapping the fuel tank to get the fuel pump working.

There is a ton of information out there to help teach you basic automotive skills.

I would also keep some basic tools with you in your vehicle.

You can get a real basic set from most automotive stores for under 50 bucks.

Amazon has a good tool set that would be great for the car that can be seen here.

You can check out this post at homesteading.com to give you some more ideas.

3. Trapping

You want to be able to trap small animals so you have some sort of food source.

Not only will trapping give you a food source but if you are in a colder climate you have a chance of using the animal skin to help stay warm.

Making traps is pretty easy and doesn’t require a whole lot of tools.

I have found a informative post that goes over 15 different traps that you can learn.

Check out outdoorlife.com for detailed pictures and descriptions of these various traps.

4. Fire Building

You need fire for a wide range of things including:

  • light
  • warmth
  • drying clothes
  • signaling
  • making tools
  • cooking
  • water purification

Three things needed for a fire… oxygen, fuel, and heat.

When building a fire make sure to keep it smaller as a smaller fire is easy to control and requires less fuel.

Oxygen and heat are necessary to ignite a fuel source, but if the fuel source is green wood it can be difficult to ignite.

When preparing to start a fire make sure you have all the necessary materials gathered before sparking the tinder.

Fire needs a heat source to get started.

This can be matches, lighter or even using friction to create heat.

A battery can also be used to start a fire by taking two wires off the positive and negative and touching them together

This will cause a short which will heat up to the point of being able to start the tinder on fire.

Another method to starting a fire is using the friction bow method.

A good description of this method is given on the art of manliness.

This leads me into the three types of fuel for your fire: tinder, kindling, and fuel.

Tinder is necessary when attempting to start any fire, and is any object that requires little heat to get burning.

Some examples of tinder include:

  • Shredded bark from certain trees-including Birch bark and Cedar
  • Cotton balls and lint
  • Dead plants
  • Bird nest, or other animal nest
  • Paper
  • Dry leaves

The tinder should be arranged in a way that allows for oxygen to get around it so it can flame up easier.

Kindling is larger pieces of dry wood used to help get the heat from the fire to where it can burn larger pieces of fuel.

This includes:survivalist essentials

  • Dead thinly sliced pieces of dry wood
  • Certain plastics, like a M.R.E. spoon
  • Wood that has been soaked in flammable material-bug spray, wax, oil
  • Dead, dry sticks

Fuel used for a fire is placed on after the kindling is going.

As long as you have a good hot fire your fuel doesn’t need to be completely dry.

Its a good idea to know the different types of wood so you know what will happen with the flame.

Dry split hardwood will burn hot and not produce much smoke, which is great for cooking and providing heat.

Pine will smoke unless you have a good fire going, and rotting wood is usually useless because it will smoke and smolder.

You will get the most heat from your fire if you set up a deflector.

This is easy to set up and basically just involves taking logs or rocks and setting them on the other side of your shelter to deflect the heat into your shelter.

If you plan to cook with the fire you can add two more sides to be able to place whatever you need to cook on top.

If rocks are usable I suggest them for the walls as you won’t need to worry about burning them.

I could go into a ton of more detail on fire building, but there are still more survival skills that need to be talked about!

5. Navigation

Being able to know which direction is what can help you if you get stranded somewhere or are in a survival situation.

Its not hard finding which direction is north, and you can use different methods to figure it out.

One of these methods involves the shadows cast from the sun.

  1. Take a stick or branch and find some level ground to stick it in the ground. Mark the first position of the shadow cast by the stick on the ground.
  2. Now wait a good 10 to 15 minutes or until the shadow has moved a couple inches away from the last spot it was in. Mark this new position in the dirt.
  3. From here all you need to do is draw a straight line connecting the two spots. This line is your east to west line. From here you can figure out north to west by looking to see where the sun is located. The sun will rise in the east and set in the west. This also means the shadow mark will move opposite the direction of the sun, so the first mark will be west and the second will be east.

You can also figure out direction at night based on the stars.

If you want to understand how to navigate at night using stars check out Natural Navigator, although I would personally recommend not moving at night.

It is harder to navigate terrain at night, especially unfamiliar terrain.

So don’t move at night unless you absolutely have to.

I understand this is a ton of information to throw at you, but stick with me, there’s still more survival skills to learn about!

 

6. Mushroom Hunting and Edible Plants.

survival skillsA warning before going into this section.

There are many edible plants out there that can keep you alive in a survival situation.

There are also a lot of plants that will harm or even kill you if you are wrong about the type of plant or fungus it is.

Find someone who can take you out and show you what plants can be eaten safely so that you can see firsthand what the plant looks like.

If you master the skill of what plants are edible you will be able to survive anywhere.

Some very easily identifiable plants to eat include dandelions, clover, and any grasses.

When looking for edible plants, avoid ones with these attributes:

  • Bitter tastes
  • Milky substance or discolored fluids
  • Plants with three leaf patterns, except clover
  • Anything with thorns or spines

While looking for mushrooms to eat and gather I suggest getting a Survival skillsmushroom hunting book, like the one pictured here.

Mushrooms that are dangerous look like ones that can be eaten, so its best to find someone who can show you what is good and what isn’t.

There are a ton of resources on what plants and mushrooms are edible, and even ways to prepare them so they taste the best.

7. Building Shelter

You should have a basic understanding of how to build an effective shelter for yourself.

Shelter is anything that protects you from the elements.

It can be a cave, pile of leaves, lean-to, tent or hole in a pile of snow.

When figuring out how to build the shelter you should consider weather, the time it will take to build the shelter, and what shelter is necessary to provide relief from the elements.

Its always best to have a shelter that requires the least amount of energy.

Shelters are easily built with leaves and sticks.

This can provide warmth and shelter you from the weather.

You can get a very good shelter building book here.

8. Firearm Skills

If you use firearms make sure you know everything about the ones you have including:

  • Cleaning and maintenance
  • How to fire the weapon
  • Reloading
  • Filling your magazine with ammo

Some rules to always think about with firearms:

  • Treat every weapon as if it were loaded
  • Never point your weapon at anything you do not intend to shoot
  • Keep your finger off the trigger until you are ready to fire
  • Keep your weapon on safe until you are ready to fire.

Make sure you follow these rules to keep you safe as well as not wasting ammo or shooting someone who is friendly.

I see to many people that don’t follow simple rules and end up having an unintentional discharge.

Another good thing to look into with firearms, is making your own ammo.

A good guide on making your own ammo can be found at Task and Purpose.

9. First Aid

Having a basic understanding of first aid can help keep you or anyone your with alive.

Its great to get a first aid kit and have it ready for any situation but you also need to understand how to use those items.

When looking to apply first aid to yourself or someone else make sure you assess the individual.

What type of injury do they have?

Are they bleeding, is it a broken bone, or maybe some other injury?

Then apply the appropriate procedure to help them.

You want to stop the bleeding first and foremost.

Apply pressure to the wound and elevate above the heart if possible.

Once you stop the bleeding you can access the wound and clean it.

Its also a good idea to know how to splint a broken bone, or apply a tourniquet.

A good book to jumpstart your first aid knowledge is the Survival Medicine Guide.

It has all the knowledge to keep yourself and others alive.

If you want to figure out a good first aid kit for your survival needs check out this post here.

10. Being Mentally Prepared

This may seem a bit silly to have on a survival skills article, but it is as important as most of these others.

You could have all the tools and training you need to survive but without the will to survive you won’t last in a survival situation.

Be aware of the stresses and mental obstacles you will need to overcome in a survival situation.

Its a high possibly that you will be on your own, having to fend for yourself without the convenience of modern stores.

You will need to be always aware of what’s going on around you.

Emotions will need to be held in check so as not to interfere with your will to survive

Fear is one of the big issues when dealing with survival.

It can be crippling, force you to make moves that could get you injured or killed.

This is why your emotions need to be in check and why you should mentally be prepared for an extreme situation.

There are still more survival skills that could be added here.

If you feel I have missed a survival skill that is important feel free to let me know in the comments below.

I plan to update this every week or so with new information as I find it.

I’d like for this to be a great resource for every prepper and survivalist to use.

Be prepared, and stay safe out there,

Caveman Survivalist

 

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cheap survival gear, 3 day survival pack, survival backpack list

What to put in a 3 Day Survival Pack: 18 Must Have Items (Updated)

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Figuring out what to put in a 3 day survival pack can be a difficult task,

especially when you have no idea what you should have.

It can be much easier then you think…

I’ll show you how to build a survival pack, by giving you an

idea of what’s important to have stashed away and even give you some extra ideas on items to include.

But first…

Take a second to look at what’s going on in the world…

We have wars, huge natural disasters, and man-made disasters

that keep getting larger and more powerful with each passing year.

At this point it is more important to be ready in case one of these major

disasters happens by you.

You don’t have to be all crazy with it,

like some of these people who stockpile food and supplies that will last years,

but you should have some emergency essential items set aside in case of a disaster.

If something happens on a massive scale the government will not be able to help you.Survival pack, emergency tools, emergency essentials

Don’t think that the government will be able to help,

they will have their hands full at the time,

so you will need to fend for yourself and for your family.

Have a plan set that you can follow in case something happens,

make sure your family knows the plan in case you aren’t together when disaster strikes.

Now, lets get right to the details for your own 3 day survival pack…

These items can help you make a survival backpack list that you can use to keep track of what you have and what you need.

  1. Water- you can survive 3 days without water. This is why water is in the number one spot. I like to keep at least 4 cases of water stored in my basement in the event of an emergency or disaster. I then rotate my water supply to keep it fresh since we don’t drink faucet water. This all depends on where you plan to stay in an emergency. If you have a bug out location, store water there. In a bug out bag you can get items like a Lifestraw to filter water where ever you are at. You can also store some water in your pack that way you can grab and go if things get crazy.
  2. Food- make sure you have a good amount of food stored away for your family. If you have a survival pack make sure you store at least 3 days of food in it. This could be anything from M.R.E.s to protein bars. There are a ton of different options for storing food. We recently started canning our food to store. Pressure cooking canning can store food for up to 5 years. We store food in packs as well as in the basement just in case something happens. My family each has a pack set up for 3 days of survival, so make sure you pack enough food for that amount of time.Survival kit
  3. First Aid Kit- There are a ton of basic first aid kits out there, but in a survival situation you could be dealing with way more then just the basic scratches and cuts. You need something that’s more versatile and can be used for bone breaks, larger wounds, and major burns. These kits contain large bandages, tourniquets, and different medications to help keep you alive. I go into more detail on effective first aid kits here.

OK, I know what you’re thinking…

There’s a ton more important items to be added to this list!

You are correct, and we will go into more details below…

Lets talk about some tools that are important for your survival backpack

  1. Fire starting kitFire Starting Tools- This can be anything from a lighter to matches. You can also get a magnesium fire starter, but whatever you get make sure it will be good in wind, water, and whatever else could be thrown at you. There are some fire starting kits you can buy that have everything in a waterproof case, so if one fails you have multiple other sources for fire!
  2. Knife- There are many things you can use a knife for in a survival situation. They can aid in making shelters, hunting, defending and cutting. Its best to have a good versatile knife for these situations. Get one that is a fixed blade with a full tang for the best strength. I found a very good article on getting the best survival knife on The Art of Manliness.emergency essential, survival pack, emergency kit, survival kit
  3. Multi-tool- These are handy to have as you can get everything from a screwdriver to a saw blade. The great thing with a multi-tool is you can store it right on your belt in a pouch and always have a small toolbox no matter where you are!
  4. Entrenching Tool- you can get some pretty need entrenching tools that serve multiple purposes. Definitely handy when you need to dig a hole or even chop wood. I managed to find one such tool that has a axe blade, serrated cutting edge, Para cord, fire starting supplies and bottle opener. These can be attached to the outside of your pack as well, so it won’t take up room inside, just add a little more weight. Check out this entrenching tool if you are interested in getting your own.

This is the point…survival pack

Where I talk about something beginning peppers are usually mistaken on.

Guns and ammo… and I mean a lot of guns and ammo.

While it can be important in a hostile environment to have these guns and ammo, you also need to think about the weight.

If you store tons of guns and ammo in your house then have to leave quickly, what happens to all your stuff?

It goes to whoever decides to raid your house.

Personally I keep a 9 mm and an AR-15 in my house.

That’s what I used in the military and I know them inside and out.emergency pack

I keep enough ammo that in the event I need to leave in a hurry I can take it all with me,

leaving nothing to whoever wants to raid my house.

Each person has a different opinion and view on this,

but if you are a new prepper I would suggest getting everything else in order first,

then worry about getting a ton of ammo and guns if you so desire.

That’s not all…

There are still a ton of things you can add to your 3 day survival pack, such as:

  1. Blanket or Sleeping Bag- This is necessary in colder climates, especially if you have to camp outside. You don’t want to be caught out in freezing weather without some way to stay warm, so make sure you have a blanket or sleeping bag handy.
  2. Medications- If you have pills or anything you need to take to stay healthy make sure you have it stashed away in your bag as well. That way if an emergency situation happens you have a stash hidden away to keep you going.
  3. Flashlight- Having a flashlight with extra batteries will help you see when out in the woods or if the power ends up going out. You can also store some chem lights if you want a backup to the flashlight.survival kit
  4. Windup or Battery Operated Radio- This will give you an idea of what’s going on around you, and help you avoid areas that are dangerous. You only need a small one to fit in your pack, something like this one. You can also get ones that function as flashlights and cell phone charges, so you can have multiple uses for it.
  5. Cell Phone- As long as we still have communications up a cell phone can be used to get a hold of relatives and friends.
  6. Compass and Local Maps- This will help you get around to different areas and can help map out the areas to avoid while on the move.
  7. Tent or Hammock- If you have the room and can spare the weight these items can help keep you comfortable while sleeping. I would personally recommend a tent if you can carry it, as this will keep you warmer and provides relief from some of the weather.
  8. Extra Set of Clothes- More of a comfort item, but not a bad idea to have a second set of clothes to change into so you can wash the other set.

Now what about a pack to store all this in?

I have a review over a decent military pack that you can view here.

I choose this pack because it is comfortable and I know it will work for a 3 day survival pack.

This is my main pack for our family camping trips, and its held up with no issues.

You want a pack that is comfortable to you, but is also durable enough to survive a harsh environment.

I’m a person fan of military packs, but there are a ton of hiking and camping packs out there for you to choose from.

Building a bug out bag is not hard, especially when you know the important items to include.

If you are interested in just buying a pre-made bug out bag that you don’t have to worry about building yourself, you can check out this pre-made bag here.emergency pack

This survival backpack list from amazon includes…

(4) Food Bars (2400 Calorie)*
(4) Boxes of Water (1 Liter) *
(4) Emergency Ponchos
(4) Survival Blankets
(1) Emergency Power Station: Flashlight/AM-FM Radio/Siren/ Cell Phone Charger
(1) Duct Tape (10 yards)
(1) Multi-Function Pocket Tool
(1) First-Aid Kit (107 piece)
(4) Emergency Lightsticks (12-hr)
(8) 10” Nitrile Gloves
(4) Safety Goggles
(4) Niosh N-95 Dust Mask
(4) Pocket Tissue Packs
(1) Pair of Leather Gloves
(1) Emergency Whistle
(12)Pre-Moistened Towelettes
(3) Bio-Hazard Bags
(1) Backpack

I hope that this information has helped you out and I plan to bring more content out in the coming weeks.

Stay safe,

Caveman Survivalist

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Best Backpack for Survival (Cheap Military Assault Pack!)

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If you don’t like to read, head to the bottom for a  full video review!

Have you ever wondered what would make the best backpack for survival?

Survival guide, emergency essentialsMany other beginning preppers have this very same question, I know because I was one of them.

Unsure as to what pack to use.

That’s why I made this review, to help you in figuring out what the best survival backpack is, at a price you can afford.

I served 4 years in the Marines, so I wanted to find a good pack that was like the assault pack I used when I served.

I have personally bought this pack,

gone through every pocket, examined every zipper, and checked straps.

So, if you’re ready lets jump right in…

As a prepper, it is important to have a tough emergency pack to store all of your essential survival items.emergency essentials, survival pack, emergency kit, survival kit

After much research and checking reviews,

I believe I have found one that is durable and also cheap enough to fit within my budget as a working American.

The military tactical assault pack from Reebow has received a ton of good high rated reviews.

It is also well within my budget as most of their packs are below 40 bucks.

This pack has a ton of benefits for you, including:

  • Tactical assault backpack: Capacity: 34L. Size approx.:11″*18″*12″ / 28*45.5*30CM (W*H*D), Military backpack is made of high density fabric, durable and water-resistant.
  • The assault pack with double-stitched, Heavy duty zippers and utility-style cord pulls, Side and front load compression system, Comfortable padding back area, Ventilated mesh padding shoulder strap.
  • Military backpack is hydration compatible that works great for a 2.5L hydration bladder (backpack didn’t include hydration bladder) as hydration backpack or outdoor camping hiking backpack.
  • This tactical assault pack can be used as 3 day survival pack, bug out bag, combat backpack, range bag, hunting backpack, rucksack military army backpack or trekking backpack.
  • The tactical backpack has MOLLE system, MOLLE is a little different as most tactical backpacks and is not to spec. Spacing between of MOLLE is less than 1/2″

Lets dig a little deeper…

On my first impression when I opened the box was that the bag was a little smaller then I was thinking, still I was only planning to use it for hiking.

The zippers on the bag feel very heavy duty, and the material the bag was made from seems to Survival Kit, emergency kit, emergency essentials, emergency disaster kit checklist, emergency pack, survival first aid, medical kit, survival pack, Prepper first aid, survivalist, essential survival itemsbe pretty tough.

The bag uses MOLLE webbing, so you can attach multiple devices on the outside of your pack.

I would probably attach my medical kit along with a fold up shovel on the outside.

You have a fair number of clips to help hold your gear on.

There are straps underneath to hold a poncho or blanket so you can save some room in the actual pack.

On the back side of the pack is a zippered pouch to hold your camelback or other water source.

It also contains a Velcro strip to hold the camelback up so it doesn’t slide down to the bottom.

There seems to be a fair amount of room inside the pack, I tested this out by packing the bag for a 2 day hike and still had a little room left over.

The bag also contains chest and waist straps.

The waist strap is kind of loose and comes apart quite easily.

I plan to take some duct tape and wrap it around where I need the strap to stay at. That way it serves multiple uses as I can also use the duct tape if I need to make any repairs to my gear.

I have a camping trip planned the end of July and this pack will get a ton of use then, so we will see how the pack stands up to wear and tear.

(UPDATE)

I have used this pack out on my camping trip.

It held up great, had no issues, and stored all my gear for the 4 days we were out there.

I had around 70 pounds in the pack and had no major discomfort, and I have back issues from the military.

This pack would definitely be usable as a 3 day survival pack with no issues.

 

Don’t like my opinion? Here’s what other people say…

Generally I’ve stuck to brands that cost a bit more but I know are of high quality. I bought these as Christmas presents and I was surprised at the high level quality when they arrived! I’ve literally paid 4-5 times this amount for a good (true) Nylon bag and I’ve had them for years. I expect these bags will also last for years. The quality is actually quite amazing. I ordered two and I would absolutely order some again. -Clem

I bought this to use as a go bag in my POV. I keep a Kel-Tec Sub 2000 folded up inside of it. Along with a couple hundred rounds of ammo for the rifle and my EDC. I keep a med kit in it as well. This is the perfect bag to have on hand just in case SHTF. -Jack Washburn

Was very skeptical at first. I am super picky about my stuff and this backpack surpassed my expectations. It has a lot of useful compartments and plenty of storage. Material is though and latches help keep everything in place. I was able to fit around 60 rds of 7mm ammo, headphones, safety glasses, maintenance items, and everything fit perfectly. –Jesse

These are just some of the reviews I read when deciding to order.

There are a couple bad reviews as well…

Some customers had zippers broke or something wrong with the bag,

but the company was quick to respond and send a new one to the customer.

I did not have any issues when I received my bag, everything was great and it was ready to go!

Some good things about getting this pack…cheap survival gear, 3 day survival pack, bug out bags survival backpack, best backpack for survival, what is the best survival backpack

  • 100% free shipping
  • Fast customer support
  • Quick shipping and delivery

F.A.Q.

Q: How big is the military pack?

A: There are 3 sizes on amazon ranging from 34L to 41L and they are all under 40 bucks.

 

Q: Does it have padding on the back or in the shoulder straps for support and comfort?

A: Yes it does, It feels pretty comfortable while wearing with weight.

 

Q: Is the bag water proof?

A: The bag is made of water resistant materials.

 

Q: Is there a warranty on the backpack?

A: The pack does have a one year warranty.

 

====>Click here if you are interested in getting your own military pack!<====

 

I plan to get a ton of use out of this pack.

If you want to see how long it holds up make sure you check out my youtube channel as I will be posting videos of this survival pack in use.

 

If you are interested in more cheap survival gear, check out our resources page!

I will attempt to review and add things that are cost effective.

If you like this review over the best backpack for survival make sure you leave a comment below!

I would like to make content that preppers will find valuable.

Thanks, and stay safe out there…

Caveman Survivalist

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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10 Step Easy Canning with Hot Water Bath for Beginners

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===>If you are interested in your own canning kit click here<===

I didn’t know what food canning was when I started.

I tried finding some canning instructions for beginners, but couldn’t find a great comprehensive guide on what I needed to do. Lucky for me, I have relatives who can, and found that it is quite a simple process. I ended up making some jam preserves for my first time which tasted great.

The method I used was for the hot water bath method, in which you boil the jar to remove bacteria and seal the mason jars.

It only works with high acidic foods, such as apples, cherries, and grapes.

Basically any sort of food that has a of 4.6 and higher on the PH scale.

The food canned using this method is usually good for about 6 months to a year.

In a survival situation, if you had to you could probably still eat the food to the latest of 1 1/2 years, but that would be pushing it.

Another method of preserving food is to use a pressure cooker.

This method is good for the lower acidic foods, such as, meat, vegetables and certain fruits. When canning  this way the food can last up to 5 years! I currently do not have a pressure cooker but plan to buy one soon so I can store food in my basement.

Here is the list of items needed to can your own preserves.

  • Large pot- needed for boiling the jars to get rid of the bacteria and to keep the jars hot until you can get the preserves into them.
  • Canning pot– to place the filled jars into to boil.
  • Mason Jars– make sure you have new lids and rings for a good seal.
  • Jar grabber- this is so you can get the jars out of the hot water without burning yourself.

These are the ingredients I used, each recipe is different.

  • Fruit- 5-6 cups usually of apples, cherries, peaches, grapes… anything with a high acid count. I used 6 cups of crushed raspberries for my preserves.canning process, how to can
  • Sugar- 4-6 cups of sugar, different amounts of sugar are needed for the preserves, usually between 4 to 6 cups. The raspberries have a high amount of pectin, so I only use 4 cups with them.
  • Pectin– different fruits require different amounts of pectin, which should be on the container when you get it. I used 8 tablespoons of pectin.
  • Lemon juice-1/4 cup, to make sure the acid is high enough, and it won’t affect the flavor.

This is the canning hot water bath directions to make your own preserves

  1. The jars must be prepared and examined before adding preserves. Check to make sure there are no cracks, chips, or issues with the jars. I would recommend getting new lids and bands, if you don’t I would make sure its going to seal. Make sure there is no rust in the bands and that the lids are still good. Make sure you wash the jars, lids, and bands with soap and water. After doing this the jars should be sanitized, which can be done by boiling them in a large pot for 10 minutes. Keep the water hot so the jars don’t crack when adding the hot preserves.
  2. Next you want to prepare the fruit or whatever you’re planning to use. I washed the fruit in cold water then placed them into a measuring cup to get at least 6 cups crushed up. They don’t have to be completely crushed up if you like chunks of fruit in your preserves.
  3. Measure out your sugar, pectin, and jam. Each type of fruit will require a different amount of ingredients. Which can be found on your package of pectin. Fruit naturally makes pectin, so when you crush them up it release it. So it just depends on the fruit you’re using.
  4. Mix your fruit and lemon juice together in a large pot. Slowly stir in the pectin while bringing the mixture to a rolling boil, stirring constantly. Pectin helps set the preserves and occurs naturally in fruit. This is what makes the jam thicker, so you can add more or less depending on what type of thickness you want in your jam.
  5. Add in the sugar and continue stirring back to a full boil. Keep at a  full rolling boil for one minute and make sure the sugar is dissolved. Remove from the heat and skim foam off the top. (optional)
  6. Check to make sure the preserve are at the thickness you want. Take a spoon and pull some out and let it cool down. If its not thick enough add a little more pectin and return to a full boil for one minute.
  7. Warm the lids and bands in hot water, the water should not be boiling as this can ruin the seal on the jars. This may also be a good time to re-check the seals to make sure each one is good, this will make sure you have a seal when you place the jars in the boiling water.
  8. Take the jars out of the water and fill them to 1/4 from the top of the jar with the preserves. Wipe off the rim of the jar and put the lid and band on. Then place the jars in the boiling water canner. make sure there is a couple inches of water over the cans.
  9. Boiling of the canning jars takes about 5- 10 minutes for a good seal. 5 minutes is best, if they are in to long the jam will get dark and not set properly. You will have to boil the jars longer if you are higher in altitudes.
  10. Remove the jars and place them on a towel where they can cool. I like to let them cool overnight. Make sure there is a good seal after they are cooled by pressing gently on the center. If you hear a popping sound its not properly sealed. You can re-attempt to seal the jar or use the preserves if you don’t plan to store it. I like to write the date on the top so I know which ones are newer, but its not necessary.

How to can, how to seal mason jars, canning for beginnersThis is the canning process for boiling water bath and its very easy even for beginners.

After canning this way I’m looking into getting a pressure cooker and canning my own meats and vegetables as well.

Especially since foods canned this way can last for much longer then the boiling water bath method.

If you are interested in getting your own cannning kit, Amazon has a real good canning kit, the Granite Ware 0718-1 Enamel-on-Steel Canning Kit, if you want to try this at home for yourself.

It comes with 21-quart canner, canner lid, 7-jar rack, 9-inch colander, lid wrench, funnel, tongs, jar lifter, and magnetic lid lifter.

This kit is also quite cheap and amazon offers 100% free shipping.

Amazon also offers deals on mason jars and pectin, so you can order everything from the comfort of your home! Especially if you are a hermit like me.

Stay safe, and stay prepared,

Caveman Survivalist

 

 

 

 

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Survival First Aid: Kit Contents List and Their Uses

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first aid kit, medical kit, survival pack, emergency essentialsThe ability to treat wounds is key in a survival situation.First aid, first aid kit, survival pack, survival kit, emergency essentials, emergency checklist

It is important to have a medical kit readily available in case the unforeseen happens.

I have first aid kits in my house, where I work and in my car to make sure I’m never too far from being able to help myself or someone around me.

These kits are all different than the one I have for my bug out bag. The first aid kits all have the basic items as you can see in the picture I took of my work medical kit.

These kits are great for the home and workplace because I mostly deal with scrapes and small cuts, having pre-made kits for these situations is perfectly fine.

I wouldn’t use a kit like these for a bug out bag. That involves a whole different setup because the injuries I intend to treat are completely different.First aid, first aid kit, survival pack, survival kit, emergency essentials, emergency checklist

In a bug out situation I am moving to a location because where I was got compromised and is no longer safe, meaning I need medical supplies that will keep me moving.

The simple band aids and small things in the generic kits just won’t cut it.

Some of the very important stuff to have in your medical kit include:

 

  • Triangle Bandages– There are many uses for these bandages. They can be used on a large wound to help stop the bleeding. If you have someone with a injured arm you can make a sling out of the bandage by tying the ends behind the head. You can even use them for wrapping up head wounds!
  • Israeli Compression Bandage– These are new to me, very versatile, sterile, and vacuum sealed. They have a large pad that will help stop the bleeding to keep you moving in an emergency. They come with everything inside the package that you need to tie it off and can be applied pretty much anywhere.
  • Quick clotting agent– If you need to stop the bleeding quick, this is the stuff you need. While I was in the military this is one of the items we carried. Luckily, I never had to use it because it burns pretty bad when applied. This is an item you could add or leave out, as it can be pretty expensive for a single application.
  • Tourniquet– If all else fails this can be used to stop massive bleeding but this is a LAST RESORT as it could mean the loss of your limb. This is also only able to be used on arms and legs, it won’t help a torso or head wound.
  • Needle and Thread– Used to stitch up some wounds. Necessary in a survival situation where you can’t get to a hospital or get medical attention.
  • Different size gauze pads– These will help stop bleeding and cover wounds to reduce chances of infection. Gauze pads can be held on by medical tape so you can keep moving towards your destination.
  • ACE bandage– Helps to support a sprain, but can also be used to secure a splint.

first aid kit, medical kit, survival pack, emergency essentials

These are some of the most important items you should have in your first aid kit, there are a ton of other things that can be added to help in an emergency.

Alcohol pads help clean the wound to avoid infection and should be used before you bandage a wound.

Burn cream is to help soothe burns, promote healing and helps fight off infection.

Having a way to provide relief from blisters while hiking a long ways is another necessary medical supply.

Apply some moleskin to blisters or sore spots to help ease the pain while walking long distances. If you don’t have any moleskin you can use band aids to relieve sore spots by covering them then putting your socks on over them.

Next I want to cover a few common medications that will benefit your bug out bag.

  • Ibuprofen– This drug helps to relieve pain and swelling. Its common use involves headache relief. When dealing with any sort of bone break Ibuprofen is not recommended as it can hinder the healing process.
  • Imodium– This helps to slow down you digestive process which helps stop diarrhea. Diarrhea can dehydrate you quickly which will keep you from moving to your bug-out location. This is especially important to have if you are getting water from unclean sources.
  • Acetaminophen– This is a fever and pain reducer and is good for instances where a bone is broken.
  • Benadryl– Its uses involve allergy relief, especially useful for those people that have allergies to pollen and various other outdoor allergens.

first aid kit, medical kit, survival pack, emergency essentialsThis list is made up of a few common items that could potentially help you in a survival situation.

This is not a complete list, considering a whole site could be developed just for medical kits in a bug out bag.

I did come across a medical kit that is perfect for bug out situations.

It has everything you could need and comes packed in a nice bag ready to go. The only things it does not have is medications, so you would have to add those to this kit if you ended up getting it.

This is a picture of the first aid kit all neatly packed away so you can easily access its contents. I like that it is MOLLE (Modular first aid kit, medical kit, survival pack, emergency essentialsLightweight Load-carrying Equipment) compatible so I can store it on the outside of my bug out bag for easy access.

If you are interested in checking out this pack and want to see its contents click here.

I hope the information I have provided for you will keep you safe in the event that you ever need to use it.

Stay safe out there…

Caveman Survivalist

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Survival pack, emergency tools, emergency essentials

Why You Should Be Prepared for the Next Disaster

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I never used to be prepared for anything, always living day to day. emergency essentials, survival pack, survival kit,

Then I joined the military and got a huge dose of reality as to what’s really going on in the world. I got to experience everything from war to natural disasters. I spent 7 months in Iraq, 8 months out on ship in various countries, and 3 months in Haiti after the earthquake devastated the landscape and towns there in 2010. After experiencing all this it made me realize how I need to be prepared in case war or some natural disaster was to ever hit America.

Yes, it is quite possible for something to devastate America.

emergency essentials, hurricane, earthquake, haiti
It could be a terrorist, hurricane, tornado…

the list goes on and on. Just look at a hurricane such as Katrina, which killed 1000-2000 people and left millions of people without power.

Then there’s earthquakes like the ones off the coast of Alaska which took power from thousands in Anchorage.

Not to mention all the times we have had some for of a attack, such as the twin towers or people being attacked at Ohio State University.

So now that we have all the doom and gloom out of the way I will try to provide some light.

After I realized all this I was stressed and worried about not being prepared in the case of something happening. I went out, got myself a concealed carry license so I could protect my family, and started coming up with a emergency kit and plan. I made sure everyone I knew and trusted was told the plan. emergency essentials, survival pack, emergency kit

I even set up an emergency pack that I could grab and go if needed. I wanted to make sure my family would be safe if something was to ever happen. That became my biggest reason for preparing for a emergency situation. If you have no other reason for wanting to stash some supplies away think about your family. Even if you never need to use the supplies at least they will be close by. Its better to have supplies stored and never need them, then to not have them when you need them most.

As always, I hope you and your family stay safe. If you have any comments or want to see something put on the site don’t hesitate to comment.

Caveman Survivalist

 

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